How does hypertension cause metabolic syndrome?

Hypertension is a chronic disease characterized by an elevated blood pressure of more than 140 for systolic blood pressure and/or more than 90 for diastolic blood pressure. Hypertension is similar to diabetes in the sense that both of them are chronic diseases and will never achieve a cure. Chronic disease means a disease that lasts for so many years and even for a lifetime. Micardis is an anti-hypertensive medication. Micardis medication by DoctoronCall is the treatment for hypertension beyond the normal range. Micardis will not raise your blood pressure, instead, Micardis will lower your blood pressure.

  Metabolic syndrome is a disorder which any three of the following presence:

1- Central obesity

  Central obesity  defined as waist circumference more than 40 inches in men and more than 35 inches in women

2- High triglyceride level

  Serum triglyceride more than 1.7 mmol/L

3- Low High-Density Lipoprotein (HDL)

  Serum High-Density Lipoprotein less than 1mmol/L in men and less than 1.3mmol/L in women

4- Hypertension

  Blood pressure of more than 130/85

5- High fasting blood glucose level

  Fasting blood glucose of more than 5.6mmol/L

Hypertension alone will not cause a person to suffer from metabolic syndrome. Hypertension is one of the criteria for a person to be diagnosed with metabolic syndrome. There are a few types of hypertension. They are:

1- Primary hypertension

  The causes are unknown but strongly associated with a family history of hypertension and high salt intake.

2- Secondary hypertension

  This type of hypertension has so many causes. The causes are polycystic kidney disease, obstructive sleep apnoea, pregnancy, the use of birth control pills, and tumors of the adrenal glands.

  There are a few types of anti-hypertensive. They are:

1- Angiotensin receptor blocker such as Micardis

2- Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor

3- Calcium channel blocker

4- B-blocker

Some patients with hypertension will take a single anti-hypertensive. Some will need more depending on their condition and your doctor will discuss with you the suitable medications regimens.

Let’s say if you are recently diagnosed with hypertension, lifestyle modifications will be the desired and preferred initial intervention by doctors before start prescribing medications for you. The lifestyle modifications are:

1- Exercise

You should exercise at least three times every seven days. Every session should last for a minimum of 30 minutes of moderate-intensity exercises. You can do any physical activities like swimming, jogging, skipping, yoga, or any other exercise of your choice.

2- Well-balanced and healthy diet

Consume a healthy and balanced diet that consists of a sufficient amount of vegetables, fruits, protein, and carbohydrates. You can just follow the recommendation by the ministry of health by consuming quarter a plate of protein, quarter a plate of carbohydrates, and half a plate of vegetables and fruits. Change the method of preparing food from frying to boiling, stewing, or grilling.

3- Low salt diet

Put a very minimal amount of salt in your food. This is easier to be done if you cook on your own. Do not use any artificial seasonings as they usually contain a high amount of salt and sugar.

4- Live a stress-free life

You must learn how to manage your stress. There are so many ways in managing your stress like venting out your problem to someone, go for counselling, do a deep breathing technique, go for exercise and learn the best way to cope with your stress.

Micardis also has side effects but the benefits always outweigh the risk. Doctors will always monitor your health and how are you doing with Micardis.

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