Mild Cognitive Impairment -Symptoms, Causes And Treatment

Mild cognitive impairment, also known as benign senescent forgetfulness, is a disease wherein nerve cells responsible for particular cognitive functions or abilities, for example,  memory, language, reading, attention, judgment, and writing, are damaged. However, many specialists consider that most MCI patients display impairment in the area of memory.

If your friends or family start to notice that you are displaying a pattern of forgetfulness, such as perpetually forgetting your appointment with your dentist or missing the exit you are supposed to take to reach home, you should visit a neurologist or psychiatrist immediately. Don’t forget, Mild Cognitive Impairment cases can lead to more severe disorders if left untreated for a long time.

A study has revealed that people who suffer from MCI have an increased chance of developing Alzheimer’s disease over the coming years, especially when their central dilemma is memory, although not everyone diagnosed with MCI goes on to develop Alzheimer’s. Although Parkinson’s is a movement disease, areas involved in the condition are also the areas involved in MCI.

Well, there are various types of dementia, for which they often fall under two sections: primary dementia as well as secondary dementia. Primary dementia doesn’t result from any other infection. Secondary dementia is caused by another condition or illness, which also leads to dementia like symptoms. The two most common forms of dementia are Alzheimer’s Disease (AD) with 60% of all dementia cases and Vascular Dementia, which accounts for 20%.

Symptoms of Mild Cognitive Impairment

Perception of signs early on can lead to better control of dementia and improve the overall quality of life for the patient. A few of the most common signs and symptoms of dementia are:

  • Memory loss and confusion
  • Decreased strength to communicate
  • Disability to think in particular terms
  • Difficulty or failure to perform familiar tasks
  • Feeling of disorientation
  • Mood and behavioral changes
  • Uncertainty over the location of personal items and familiar places
  • A reduction in own initiative
  • Personality changes.

Causes of Mild Cognitive Impairment

There is no particular reason for MCI, just as there’s no only outcome for the disorder.  Signs of Mild Cognitive Impairment may remain constant for years, progression to Alzheimer’s disorder or another kind of dementia, or change over time.

Well, there are different causes of dementia, which usually happen because of external or internal damage or changes to the brain. The most common causes of dementia, such as:

  • Infections to other organs
  • Poisoning
  • Disorders that affect blood flow and circulation
  • Vitamin B12 and folate deficiency
  • Illnesses, for example, Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease, and strokes
  • Poor supply of oxygen to the brain
  • Thyroid problems, hypoglycemia.
  • High cholesterol and atherosclerosis
  • High amount consumption of drugs and alcohol
  • Diseases such as AIDS, or Creutzfeldt Jacob’s disease
  • Head injuries and trauma

Treatment of Mild Cognitive Impairment

Currently, no medicines are recommended to heal mild cognitive impairment. Medications used to control the symptoms of Mild Cognitive Impairment have been tried with mixed results. A few trials have shown an advantage in using these remedies for mild cognitive impairment; others have not. According to study studies of mild cognitive impairment by the American Academy of Neurology concluded that drugs utilized to manage Alzheimer’s disease showed no cognitive benefit or slowdown in the progression of mild cognitive impairment to dementia.

If a trial has determined a treatable medical condition as the cause of mild cognitive impairment, the sufferer should be treated for those situations. Medications also may be prescribed if psychiatric or behavioral symptoms such as sleep disorder, anxiety, agitation, delirium, anger are present and interfering with the patient’s quality of life.

Managing other conditions that can harm mental function

Besides, MCI’s other conditions can also make you feel distracted or less mentally sharp than usual. Managing these conditions can assist you in sharpening your memory and complete mental function. Below mentioned are some conditions that can affect memory include:

High blood pressure

People who suffer from Mild Cognitive Impairment tend to be more likely to have problems with the blood vessels inside their brains. High blood pressure can worsen these problems and create memory difficulties. Your physician will check your blood pressure and suggest steps to lower it if it’s too high.

Depression

If you continuously feel depressed, you usually feel distracted and mentally foggy. It commonly seems to those people who suffer from Mild Cognitive Impairment. Healing depression may aid enhance memory while making it more comfortable to deal with the changes in your life.

Sleep apnea

In this condition, your breathing frequently stops and starts while you’re sleeping, making it hard to get a good night’s relaxation. It can make you feel exhausted throughout the day, distracted and weak to concentrate. This healing process can improve these restore alertness and sign.

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