The Treatment Options That Get Rid of Stubborn Dark Patches in Skin Caused by Melasma
Have you lately started seeing dark patches on your skin? If yes, then it could be melasma. Melasma is a common prevailing skin condition that causes dark and discolored patches on the skin. These grayish-brown patches typically appear on the forehead, cheeks, nose chin or upper lip. Often people get assume it to be hyper-pigmentation, but both are different.
Causes of melasma:
The exact cause of melasma remains unknown. People with darker skin tones are more at risk of melasma when compared to those with lighter tones. The severity of this skin condition is generally associated with the following:
- Hormone fluctuations: Some associate estrogen and progesterone sensitivity with melasma. Birth control pills, hormone therapy or pregnancy may serve as triggers.
- Sun exposure: UV rays tend to stimulate the melanocytes in the skin. Sun exposure worsens the severity of this skin condition. This is why melasma is more prevalent in summer and even faded pigmentation returns back when summer kicks.
- Genetics: Those with family history of Melasma are at a risk of melasma.
Prevalence in women:
About 90% of people who develop melasma were found to be women. Melasma is commonly seen during the reproductive stages of women’s life due to the constant hormonal fluctuation. When it occurs in a woman during her pregnancy phase, it is referred as ‘masks of pregnancy’. A dermatologist is the right person to diagnose melasma.
Most dermatologists recommend VEO clinic melasma treatment options. Book an appointment with them today and get your skin examined, so that they can suggest the right treatment option, which works well for you.
Derma Peeling: The doctor applies a chemical solution on the affected area, which slowly starts removing the epidermis. This leads to exfoliation and removal of superficial lesions. The basic mechanism involved is causing a controlled chemical burn on the skin to remove unwanted melanin.
Topical Administration: Topical medicines are chemical solutions, ointments and creams, which are applied on the surface of your skin to get rid of the dark patches. Triple-combination creams are generally prescribed for the treatment of melasma.
Collagen induction therapy: It is a minimally invasive cosmetic procedure that uses needles to repeatedly punch the skin. Topical creams when used in combination with micro-needling penetrate better into the skin. This procedure breaks the blood vessels under the skin thus increasing blood supply to the area resulting in the growth of healthy cells.
Microdermabrasion and Dermabrasion: Doctors use an abrasive component to peel the outer layer of skin. Dermabrasion employs an abrasive brush or wheel on the affected areas. A less aggressive alternative is microdermabrasion which uses tiny crystals sprayed on to the affected areas to remove the outer layer.
Laser and other treatments: There are a couple of light-based treatments available for melasma including intense pulsed laser treatment and non-ablative fractionated laser. Some types of treatment focus on removing the skin’s outer layer while some target the cells that are responsible for pigmentation.
Though melasma doesn’t lead to any lasting health consequences, these patches can be a source of embarrassment and distress to many. Talk to a healthcare professional about your concerns and get it treated.